Vol. – 7 Issue XXII, January – March 2011

IIM-A Alumnus Irfan’s Drive shows
where there’s wheel there’s a way

Quotes                             4
RKV Sir’s Message                    5
IIT SNIPPETS                        7

Cover Story                        8
Irfan Alam’s ‘SammaN Foundation’ is based on an excellent idea that harnesses a totally fragmented market at the bottom of the pyramid and transforms it into a market of interest for large corporate houses.

Do your bit to protect the fragile planet of Kalpana Chawla     11
When A Talent Became A Star!                12
Reso Reaper                        13
Amazing Maths                         14
Olympiad Prowess                    15
Winner From Year Long Classroom Contact Programme    16
Winner From Pre-Foundation Career Care Programme     17
Back Bonding                         20
The Gold Rush for Mother land                 21
India is growing. So are we.                22
Resonance Boy Dazzles With Golden Glitz            24
Talent Hunt                        25

Indian Institute of Technology – Kharagpur            28
Alumnus of IIT-Kharagpur adds brilliance to
Academic Ambience at Resonance                29
Tough, Not Impossible                    30
Reso-Seed                        32
Back From The Brink                    33
Think To Win                        34
Give New heights to your career                35
Rainbow                        36
Know Mania                        38
Eureka                            39

Khul Ja Sim-Sim                        41
Snap Shots                        43

‘DON’T WASTE a crisis’ is a popular paraphrase and the country’s performance in 2010 demonstrates how it was able to use the crisis as an opportunity. The largest democracy in the world embraced technology like never before. At this stage, technology made rapid inroads into many new areas, in both urban and rural India.
We have the unique opportunity to leapfrog the West if we can harness our innovation and utilize our world class talent pool of engineers and professionals to show the rest of the world how it’s done. While America struggles with an economy growing at 2 percent a year, India looks to be getting ready for a ten-year run at over 8 percent growth rate which makes it structurally a once in a life time opportunity for Indian entrepreneurs. We are bravely exploring ideas never attempted by the rest of the world before much to India’s credit. And this could be the game changer for us.
IIM-A alumnus, Irfan Alam took a leap forward in engineering a social entrepreneurship and held high hopes of the downtrodden to live in dignity and prosperity with ‘SammaN Foundation’ registering over 5 Lac rickshaw-pullers from across the country transforming their lives.
A. Muruganantham, who intrigued multinationals, earned accolades from the prestigious Indian Institute of Technology- Madras and the national innovation foundation for his commitment in finding a solution for female hygiene.
For Naresh Gulati, the journey from selling candles to selling software solutions for the education industry has been an exciting one, winning Australian Business Award for best enterprise in personal service industry.
Today India is in the forefront of innovation in technology on several aspects – Indians as consumers and citizens can access services and features that are not available even to their western counterparts. Let’s wait and watch the growth in the next decade.

A new excitement is prevailing in Indian Science. The government is funding science in a big way and setting up new institutes. Salaries are much better than they were 50 years ago having tremendously improved in the infrastructural facilities as observed by Mr. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, who shared the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2009, during his recent visit to India. The youth should get ready to take advantage of the enriched system and be able to contribute to the sustainability and continuity of such research based tech-institutes.
IIT-JEE will be held on April 10, 2011, unleashing the territory of learning, self realization, success, prestige and achievements of being testified on the anvil of one of the world’s toughest examination. Cracking JEE opens one’s way to enter the portals of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). These are the institutes of national importance and are very crucial for the growth and the development of our country. The rigorous curriculum followed at IITs brings out the best in the individual and grooms and cultivates the intellectual faculty so much so that an individual finds himself/herself completely revamped.
Resonance’s last year’s IIT-JEE results opined a new spectrum of progress. Crossing the mark of 1000 selections from Classroom Programmes and achieving almost 50% result of total Hindi medium selected students from the entire country have been accomplishments of a high order. 14 All India Ranks in top 100 (4 from Yearlong Classroom Contact Programmes and 10 from Distance Learning Programmes) with Mehul Kumar securing AIR-19 (GEN), Gautam Sumu obtaining AIR-36 (GEN), Kanishk Katariya achieving AIR-44 in General Category and AIR-1 in SC Category and Kumar Gautam attaining AIR-60 (GEN), all from Yearlong Classroom Contact Programmes, make Resonance feel proud.
After 10 years; Resonance is going to ‘reborn’ once again for the aspiring students with more energy and enthusiasm to perform and making them successful in all walks of life. This transformation of Resonance shall reflect in improved academics, more academic offerings, better academic management, consistent academic quality control and accountable mentorship to turn out enhanced performance of the students in terms of superior success rate in competitive examinations. The new philosophy of Resonance; ‘Educating for better tomorrow’ shall guide us to look ahead & endeavor to create indeed a better tomorrow. Fresh energy has been poured in to make it happen and sustain continuity of progress.
The difference between a successful person and others is not a lack of strength, not a lack of knowledge, but rather a lack of will. The competitive examinations demand this kind of attitude to crack these ‘really’ tough examinations and climb up on the success ladder in life.
The year 2011 has a special significance for us. Resonance is completing its 10 years. The new academic session at Kota is going to start in its new magnificent premises. We are going to have two big schools with all modern amenities and teaching aids at Kota and Jaipur. Many new courses are in offing. New tie-ups are in process. And highly motivating results appear to mark the year for us.
Be assured, we are focused on your success. Though change is the rule of nature, Resonance stands undeterred on it’s commitment to helping all the students by providing them unparalleled academic services and empowering them to meet their career goals and objectives.
I look forward for better performance from all the aspirants. Good luck for IIT-JEE 2011.

 Face-book offers FB addict from IIT-Kgp 1.7 Crore job

A 21-year-old tobe-graduate from IIT-Kharagpur has confirmed bagging a starting salary of Rs 1.7 crore from Facebook, carrying placements at IITs to a all time  high point.
Facebook offered DKS, who will pass out from the school of computer science and engineering in 2011, a salary of $90,000 annually. FB will also pay him a relocation bonus of $10,000 and a one-time signing amount of $25,000. He has also been offered ESOPs (Employee Stock Ownership Plans) and the entire compensation translates to Rs1.7 crore at the market price of FB shares.
It isn’t just the whopping high salary that has raised eyebrows, but also the ESOPs, which are not a regular feature during IIT placements. The social networking site’s offer letter has an ESOPs slab, which requires DKS to work for at least a year. “If I am continuously with Facebook for six years, I get all the ESOPs valued at the prevailing stock price of the website,” he added.
DKS said FB conducted several rounds of technical interviews before he heard the “join us” from the team in California. “I was asked to develop several programmes and most interviews were technical. But there were some interesting questions as well,” said DKS. For instance, he was asked what new features he would add if he were to redesign the website. The Jamshedpur boy, who spends half his day on FB, replied: “With posts on FB getting wackier and wilder, there should be a search option to look for posts on the walls.”

IIT-B students rev-up to win Formula 1 Race.

The people working in air filters and dampers and accelerator pedals are no ordinary mechanics and the car that they are working on is no ordinary car.
A couple of IIT Bombay students decided in June last year to enter an international competition called Formula SAE  short for Society of Automotive Engineers  to build a race car.
IIT Faculty Advisor, Professor Amarnath says, “It was great how these students got together and started working on something that they had no idea about.”
The 30 students who eventually got together for the project  armed with textbooks, a supportive faculty and some helpful advice from automobile manufacturers  have come a long way, to the point that the tightening of a screw here and the testing of a pedal there is all that is left to do.
The spirited youngsters will be the only Indians participating in this prestigious international competition to be held in Detroit  the Mecca of the international automobile industry.
The 11 budding engineers who will represent IIT Bombay at the competition are ecstatic.
Formula SAE partcipant, Shyam says, “We aim to compete with the best in the world and experience some great engineering.”
The official unveiling of IIT Bombay’s Formula racing car was done by India’s own F1 champion, Narain Karthikeyan.

 TIFR and IIT Bombay sign MoU to setup
The National Centre for Mathematics

Two of the premier institutes of India, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay(IITB) and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), have jointly agreed to collaborate to establish a National Centre for Mathematics (NCM) in the premises of IIT Bombay. The two institutes will enter into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for an initial period of ten years to facilitate the establishment of NCM.
Mumbai has the largest concentration of mathematicians in India with majority of them at TIFR, IIT Bombay and Mumbai University. IIT Bombay and TIFR are therefore, in a unique position to establish a National Centre for Mathematics. The institutes possess well-developed mathematics departments with international reputation. Moreover, faculty members in these two departments have strong research groups who will help organize various programmes of the Center throughout the year.
NCM will be modelled largely on the famous Oberwolfach Mathematics Research Institute (MFO), Germany that started in 1944 and played an important role in re-establishing Germany as a leading nation in mathematics, post the Second World War.

Why Man Driven Wheels
Could Be New Growth Models

Entrepreneurial dream of self-employment is the freedom to start, grow, and capitalize in a new business. And the business becomes more significant if it caters to the rights of every downtrodden or people stifling with poverty.
Irfan Alam from Bihar (India) is a first generation entrepreneur and working towards organizing “Rickshaw Pulling Sector” in India. A simple human being with big dreams, Irfan is passionate about entrepreneurship, he loves ideas and innovations. Brimmed with entrepreneurial skills, Irfan was enterprising since his childhood as his first brush with entrepreneurship was at the age of 14, when he started investing in the stock market for his father. He loved watching the markets and soon got quite good at it, so much so that he was managing the portfolios of quite a few of his father’s friends.
27 year old Irfan, from Bihar’s Begusarai district is a graduate from Lalit Narayan Mithila University (L.N.M.U.) and Masters of Business Administration (MBA) from the prestigious IIM-Ahmedabad. For him it was obvious to become an Entrepreneur and by the time he got his degree, he realized the market potential of “Rickshaw Industry” in India and the poor condition of Rickshaw Operators and this was more than enough to choose and decide this as his career.
According to Irfan, rickshaw drivers are at stake because increasingly the poor are being pushed to the edges of ‘illegality’ and ‘invisibility’. Irfan juxtaposed the perspectives of both the commuter and the rickshaw drivers to move towards the policies that benefit both the parties
The biggest challenge of his venture of “SammaaN Foundation”, founded in the year 2007-2008 and headquartered at Patna (Bihar), was to convert a huge base of cycle rickshaws into an interactive out-of-home advertising medium and a marketing engine-cum-transaction point. “Everybody talks of corporate social responsibility but not of corporate social sustainability and so I tried cobbling together a business model that was workable and sustainable” says Alam
According to Alam’s research, over 95 per cent rickshaw operators do not own their vehicles in India but rent them out daily. So the relationship between the fleet owners and the operators did not grow beyond this exchange level. But through SammaaN’s system, rickshaws are given free to the operators though a nominal amount is charged as maintenance fee.
Rickshaws are designed in such a way that the advertisers get ample space to put their displays on the side, front and back panels of our vehicles. There’s third party product selling as well — with items such as mineral water, fruit juices sold from a basket displayed in front of the rickshaws. The sale of these products not only makes the ride more comfortable for the commuter but also augments the rickshaw operators’ profitability.
The innovative efforts of Irfan Alam who has come up with unique idea of rickshaws with seat belt, first aid kit, lilting music, insurance cover for driver and passenger and much more and social Innovation of this type capitalizes on the untapped potential which exists in Bihar. Irfan’s effort not only gives this age old profession a new face but also brings a respect to the profession. It symbolizes the changing face where every individual is given its due place in society as our country is seen rising above the social credos.
Nearly 300 such cycle rickshaws are seen traversing the city roads, after Chief Minister Nitish Kumar inaugurated the ‘Cycle Rickshaw project  SammaN’ from Sheikhpura House in Patna.
Irfan wants to take the environment-friendly cycle rickshaw to the luxury lane by providing facilities like soft drink, mineral water, newspaper and first aid in a rickshaw. The project, given the go-ahead even by Delhi Chief Minister, Sheila Dikshit, is working fine in the New Capital Region (NCR). Irfan is very passionate about his project and he says, “We were in touch with IIT (Delhi & Guwahati), the National Innovative Foundation (Ahmedabad) and the Nimbkar Agriculture Research Institute (Phaltan, Maharashtra) to develop a new prototype of cycle-rickshaw, which could be converted into a modern mode of transport.
The project not only aims at making life better for rickshaw pullers, but also making rickshaw a marketing engine and to convert a pathetic travel into joy ride.
SammaaN has established a full-fledged R&D center in Patna, the capital city of Bihar, to improvise on the old rickshaw models and morph them into more operator-friendly and profitable vehicles. The center employs 19 people, including three engineers, who are involved in grassroots innovation for the rickshaws.
According to Alam, as compared to other modes of outdoor advertising, SammaaN’s rates work out to almost 90 per cent cheaper.  Sammaan’s operators — whose earnings have now doubled from roughly Rs 1,500 to Rs 3,000 (USD 60) per month — are also given free uniforms. Every operator also holds a saving bank account in a local bank. Not that this was a cinch to work out. Today, with the venture having met with phenomenal success, the local banks vie with each other to bankroll SammaaN’s ventures.
The rickshaw operators are also provided with free accidental insurance up to Rupees one lakh. To further benefit the rickshaw operators, the company also imparts free education to the operators’ families under its education program. The families’ ladies are taught vocational crafts — like stitching, tailoring, embroidery –to augment the familial income.
Today, Irfan is proud to be a SammaaNian and dreaming to become first Indian Listed Social Company. Irfan at an early stage of his career has many awards and honors to his name like that of Winner of Business Baazigar, a Zee T.V. Entrepreneur hunt reality show, Innovationn Award by The World Bank and BRLPS, selected for LEAD support by FRIENDS OF WOMEN WORLD BANKING, Times of India has listed the entrepreneur (Irfan) among ‘India’s Best 30 youths’. He has been nominated for Tech Museum Award, U.S.A in Economic Development category and Winner of more than a dozen B Plan competitions.
SammaaN Foundation has partnership and tie-ups with Punjab National Bank, Friends of Women World Banking, American India Foundation U.S.A, Dena Bank, Bharti Airtel Ltd., Dishnet Wireless Ltd., Surya Foods Ltd., Oriental Insurance Co. Ltd., MAX Newyork Life Insurance Co. Ltd., Bisleri International, Prabhat Khabar, HT Media Ltd., Tourism Department, Government of Bihar, Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation.
Unsurprisingly, SammaaN’s operations have transformed the lives of thousands of rickshaw operators. Shivcharan Manjhi, 35, an operator, says, “My life has changed completely. My earnings have doubled and people respect me much more. Earlier, many customers would abuse me or refuse to pay me. But ever since I joined this new company and got a new rickshaw and a uniform, my clients behave respectfully with me.”
At the Entrepreneurship Summit called by US president Barack Obama, was  represented by Irfan Alam. He like 79 others across the globe, attended the Presidential Summit in Washington recently.
US envoy to India Timothy J Roemer visited Irfan’s office at Patna to have a first-hand feel of his organization’s activities.
Today, over five lakh rickshaw-pullers from across the country are registered with SammaaN. While 10,000 and odd are pedaling the special rickshaws, the process is underway to benefit others. Irfan’s organization also provides books to rickshaw-pullers’ children and imparts training in occupational skills to their wives.
SamaaN Foundation is based on an excellent idea that harnesses a totally fragmented market at the bottom of the pyramid and transforms it into a market of interest for large corporate houses. Certainly, the man from Bihar has given new dimensions to Entrepreneurship and turned hard core business to the business of corporate responsibility.

Besides, the challenges the model offered appeared quite thrilling to the spunky entrepreneur. “The most critical challenge,” says Alam, “was working with the marginalized section of society. I needed to be exceptionally patient to give them a clear perspective of the company’s objectives,” he says.

 Do your bit to protect the fragile planet
of Kalpana Chawla

Not long ago, woman as astronauts would have been inconceivable. And an Indian woman at that?
When you look at the night sky, you will  know women have been up there like Kalpana Chawla. She was there for over a month, travelling over 6.5 million miles in space and in 252 orbits. She has walked in space and, alas, died there but at least lived her dream.
Like a falling star, the “Columbia Shuttle” plunged downward on February 1, 2003. Many hoped for a miracle  that somehow the crew would have survived and Kalpana would return home. Most of those stood upon green earth, gazing upward saw the broken trail of the craft as it spread and scattered and rained upon central Texas.
Kalpana Chawla was born in the small town of Karnal, Haryana to a traditional middle class family. The youngest of the four children, Kalpana studied at the local School, but was different from her siblings and other children. Her love for the skies and space began when she was a little girl in Haryana. Her school projects and papers were all about the stars, planets, and outer space. Teachers often found her sketching airplanes instead of playing with friends. While her businessman father encouraged her to join the Flying Club, he was horrified when she chose flying as a career. He wanted her to become a “respectable” doctor. Kalpana managed to win over her father’s resistance and her family’s objections to become Punjab Engineering College’s first woman aeronautical engineer when she graduated in 1982.
When her father learned she wanted to go to the United States for postgraduate studies, he put his foot down. Her parents wanted her to get married and settle down. Again Kalpana prevailed. Once in the U.S., she got her masters from the University of Texas, Arlington and a doctorate from the University of Colorado. It was there she met her husband, French flying instructor and aviation writer Jean-Pierre Harrison.
After graduating in 1988, with her Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering, Kalpana was hired by MCAT Institute, San Jose, California, as a Research Scientist to research at NASA Ames Research Center, California.
In 1993, Dr. Kalpana Chawla joined Overset Methods Inc., Los Altos, California, as Vice President and research scientist. In 1994, she was one of the 19 people selected from 2,962 applicants by NASA to become an astronaut. Kalpana reported to the Johnson Space Center in March 1995.
On November 19, 1997, she became the first person of Indian descent to fly in an American space shuttle for 15 days and on her return she was most overwhelmed by the fact that it took only 90 minutes to circle the planet. “Just 90 minutes! Even though I had known that, it was an overpowering sensation to know how small this place is. How very fragile it is,” she said.
Though she was now an American citizen, Kalpana didn’t forget her home. Every year, she sponsored two talented children from her town to visit NASA. She also funded many young girls’ education.
Her second space mission was widely publicised and plans made to celebrate on her return. The return never happened, as the shuttle broke apart more than 200,000 feet above central Texas, 16 minutes before it was to land in Florida.
At 41, Kalpana Chawla-Harrison became a part of space. But even in death she gave back to the world. Based on her will, a $3,00,000 fund was established environmental conservation projects around the world. The “Kalpana Chawla Fund for Environmental Stewardship”” has been set up with the National Audubon Society.
However, Kalpana’s life’s achievements made hundreds of young people, especially Indians, believe that even those without wings may one day fly  above and beyond, exploring space “the final frontier”.
Kalpana Chawla is now a part of our dreams. Her tale is written in the skies in joy and tears, living and daring, in flame and death. While it is tragic that she died, what is important is to remember is that she lived her dream and not to forget her message. Do your bit to protect the fragile planet we all inhabit, and see to making it ever more possible that more and more children will be able to live their dreams, especially in places like rural India.

When A Talent Became A Star!

Knowledge is indeed wealth. Who better exemplifies it than             Krishnamurthy Rengarajan, IIT-B gold medallist (B Tech dual-degree course). Krishnamurthy’s story is that of hard work, sheer grit and determination.
His undying passion for learning and excellence has paid off. Coming from a lower middle class background , Krishnamurthy has made his parents proud when he passed with flying colours.
His father, who works as a typist at Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan is overwhelmed by his son’s achievement. Rengarajan, who hails from Tamil Nadu, came to Mumbai 28 years ago and settled down in a distant Mumbai suburb of Dombivli. Though the family went through a lot of hardships initially, he made sure that his children were well educated.
“My son always wanted to join the IIT. When people asked him what if you don’t get through the entrance examinations, he used to say, `there is no question of me not clearing the test,'” says his proud father.
And, of course, he did top all the five years at IIT, a result of sheer hard work and brilliance, says his mother, barely able to control her excitement. “I am very happy for him,” says Radha Rengarajan. Krishnamurthy did his schooling at the Kidland School in Dombivli and pre-degree from V G Vaze College at Mulund. His favourite subject being mathematics it was obvious that he would pursue a degree in engineering.
He won the Rakesh Mathur award of Rs 1 lakh (Rs 100,000) during his third year and other scholarships throughout the four years.
Here’s what Krishnamurthy had to say on his IIT experience.
My IIT experience:
The five years I spent at IIT were the best in my life. I will cherish each and every moment here. I loved everything here: the professors are the best one can ever get, the facilities to study and the extra-curricular activities are excellent. I made best of friends and thoroughly enjoyed my college life.
I don’t think I will ever get this experience anywhere else.
On studies:
Before joining IIT, I used to study for 7 to 8 hours daily. After joining IIT, I used to spend about a couple of hours. I started my preparations after I finished my 10th standard.
Why IIT:
IIT is one of the premier institutes in India. I always wanted to get good higher education, so I opted for IIT.
My mantra for success:
There is no short cut to success. One has to work very hard, put in a lot of effort, should have a problem-solving mentality and a right approach to every problem.
My parents always stood by me, their support has been invaluable and am overwhelmed.
Advice to IIT aspirants:
Work hard. You have to spend a lot of time preparing as exams are getting more and more competitive. You must also have problem-solving skills.
Solving math puzzles, reading books. I used to play cricket, but now I don’t get the time.
Next move:
Money is the least important thing for Krishnamurthy. So no jobs for the time being. “I have been selected for the scholarship programme at Stanford University for a PhD in operations research. I would like to research on optimising computer networks and operation systems. Quality research is available abroad. After the PhD programme I would like to join any academia of good repute and continue my research activities. Among corporates, I admire Google. It is the one company that reflects perfection, hard work and efficiency.”
Will you come back to India?
Of course, I will. The brain drain phenomenon is dying out. It’s the time for reverse brain drain!

 The Gold Rush For Motherland

The 64 – Medal haul (With 14 Golds) at the Asian Games Proved We Are Headed In Right Direction For London 2012.

1)   Pankaj Advani won gold medal in Cue Sports Men’s English billiards singles for India on 14 November 2010.
2)    Bajrang Lal Takhar won gold medal in Rowing Men’s Single Sculls for India on 19 November 2010.
3)    Ronjan Sodhi won gold medal in Shooting Men’s Double Trap for India on 21 November 2010.
4)    Preeja Sreedharan won gold medal in Athletics Women’s 10,000m for India on 21 November 2010.
5)    Sudha Singh won gold medal in Athletics Women’s 3000m Steeplechase for India on 21 November 2010.
6)    Somdev Devvarman and Sanam Singh won gold medal in Tennis Men’s Doubles for India on 22 November 2010.
7)    Somdev Devvarman won gold medal in Tennis Men’s Singles for India on 23 November 2010.
8)    Ashwini Chidananda Akkunji won gold medal in Athletics Women’s 400m Hurdles for India on 25 November 2010 .
9)    Joseph Abraham won gold medal in Athletics Men’s 400m Hurdles for India on 25 November 2010.
10)    Vikas Krishnan won gold medal in Boxing Men’s 60kg for India on 25 November 2010
11)    Indian Women Team won gold medal in Kabaddi for India on 26 November 2010
12)    Indian Men Team won gold medal in Kabaddi for India on 26 November 2010
13)    Manjeet Kaur,Ashwini Chidananda Akkunji,Sini Jose,Mandeep Kaur won gold medal in Athletics Women’s 4 x 400m for India on 26 November 2010.
14)    Vijender Singh won gold medal in Boxing 75 kg for India on 26 November 2010.

16th Asian Games
12 Nov- 26 Nov 2010

It was sound and the brilliance of light once again in Guangzhou on the closing day of the Asian Games. Water, children, psychedelic colours and fireworks were again the themes but only assisting in getting China’s message to the continent  we successfully showcased harmony in sport as we hosted a glorious Asian Games; it is now South Korea’s turn.
Korea did itself a huge favour with an eye-catching show blending pop and culture that came soon after the speeches and their national flag was hoisted at the Island to formally announce that Incheon will carry forward a tradition that was first established in 1951.
Boxer Vijender Singh was India’s flag-bearer, the braveheart, with his left hand in a cast, doing the honours despite fighting his way to the gold medal with a broken thumb.

Education For A Better Tomorrow

India is growing. So are we.
Resonance’s new premises near CIty Mall, Kota

Resonance Boy Dazzles With Golden Glitz

YASH GUPTA  has once again proved that Resonites achieve the excellence wherever they go. This reticent student of Resonance Udaipur Study Centre has not only made Resonance, his Parents, his School but the entire country proud of him. He has won the GOLD MEDAL in International Junior Science Olympiad held at Abuja, Nigeria from 2nd December to 10th December 2010.
YASH GUPTA along with 5 other students from the entire country represented India in final stage of IJSO-2010. The First Stage of this prestigious examination conducted by Homi Bhabha Centre of Science Education (HBCSE) was conducted in November 2009. Yash cleared the first Stage and was selected among the 300 shortlisted students for Stage -2 (Indian National Junior Science Olympiad). Yash also cleared the Second Stage of the examination which was a written test and was shortlisted among top 35 students of the country to appear in Orientation cum Selection Camp (OCSC) which was held in Mumbai in April 2010. YASH was finally selected among the final 6 students who were selected for IJSO to represent India. These 6 students were then called for Pre Departure Training Camp (PDT) held in Mumbai from 22nd November to 1st December.
Yash & the Entire Indian Team had flown to Nigeria on 1st December 2010. The International Junior Science Olympiad was conducted from 2nd December to 10th December 2010. The Indian Team will be returning from Nigeria on 11th December 2010.
Prior to this achievement, YASH Has also achieved success in National Talent Search Examination (NTSE) where he cleared all the stages & became NTSE Scholar. He is the student of Resonance Udaipur Study Centre’s pioneer batch of Class VIII.
Other Achievements of Yash Gupta include:
* Cleared First Stage of Jr. Astronomy Olympiad.
* All India Rank – 3 in Unified Cyber Olympiad
* IIO Olympiad He got 3rd All International Rank
* All India Rank – 52 in NSO
* All India Rank – 8 in NCO
* All India Rank – 2 in NSTSE
* AIR-34 in International Olympiad of Science
* % in VIII : 95%
* Grade in IX : A1 in all subjects except Hindi & English. Yash is a Student of St. Gregorios School, Udaipur.

nstitute History: The history of the     IIT system dates back to 1946 when     a committee was set up by Hon’ble Sir Jogendra Singh, Member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council, Department of Education, Health and Agriculture to consider the setting up of Higher Technical Institutions for post war industrial development in India. The 22 member committee headed by Sri N.R.Sarkar, in its report, recommended the establishment of four Higher Technical Institutions in the Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern regions, possibly on the lines of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, with a number of secondary institutions affiliated to it. The report also urged the speedy establishment of all the four institutions with the ones in the East and the West to be started immediately. The committee also felt that such institutes would not only produce undergraduates but they should be engaged in research, producing research workers and technical teachers as well. The standard of the graduates should be at par with those from first class institutions abroad. They felt that the proportion of undergraduates and postgraduate students should be 2:1.
With the above recommendations of the Sarkar committee in view, the first Indian Institute of Technology was born in May 1950 in Hijli, Kharagpur, in the eastern part of India.
Initially the IIT started functioning from 5, Esplanade East, Calcutta and very soon shifted to Hijli in Sept. 1950. The present name ‘Indian Institute of Technology’ was adopted before the formal inauguration of the Institute on August 18, 1951, by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
IIT Kharagpur started its journey in the old Hijli Detention Camp where some of our great freedom fighters toiled and sacrificed their lives for the independence of our country.  Pandit Nehru in his first convocation address in 1956 said “Here in the place of that Hijli Detention Camp stands the fine monument of India, representing India’s urges, India’s future in the making. this picture seems to me symbolical of the changes that are coming to India.”
Departments:  Aerospace Engineering| Agricultural & Food Engineering|Architecture & RegionalPlanning| Biotechnology|Chemical Engineering|Chemistry|Civil Engineering|Computer Science & Engineering|Cryogenic Engineering      Center for Educational Technology| Electrical Engineering|Electronics & Electrical Communication Engineering
Location: Kharagpur is known world over for two landmarks. One, the longest railway platform, and the other, the Indian Institute of Technology, more commonly known as lIT. Situated about 120 km west of Kolkata, Kharagpur can be reached in about 2 hours by train from Howrah railway station of Kolkata or 3 hours by car from Kolkata Airport. Kharagpur is also connected by direct train services to most major cities of the country. The Institute is about 10 minutes drive (5 km) from the Kharagpur railway station. Private taxi, autorickshaw or cycle-rickshaw can be hired to reach the Institute. ]

Reso-Students (144) who opted the following branches at IIT-Kgp in 2010

G001-Aerospace Engineering: 6, G002-Agricultural And Food Engineering: 3, G005-Biotechnology And Biochemical Engineering: 3, G007-Chemical Engineering: 7, G009-Civil Engineering: 3, G010-Computer Science And Engineering: 3, G011-Electrical Engineering: 7, G015-Electronics And Electrical Communication Engineering: 3, G019-Industrial Engineering: 1, G020-Instrumentation Engineering: 3, G021-Manufacturing Science And Engineering: 4, G022-Metallurgical And Materials Engineering: 7, G024-Mechanical Engineering: 6, G028-Mining Engineering: 4, G031-Ocean Engineering And Naval Architecture: 2, G038-Architecture: 2, G040-Applied Geology: 2, G043-Chemistry: 7, G044-Economics: 7, G045-Exploration Geophysics: 5, G046-Mathematics And Computing: 8, G048-Physics: 2, G058-Aerospace Engineering: 1, G060-Agricultural And Food Engineering With M Tech In Any Of The Listed Specializations: 1, G065-Biotechnology And Biochemical Engineering: 1, G067-Chemical Engineering: 3, G074-Civil Engineering With M Tech In Any Of The Listed Specialization: 2, G075-Computer Science And Engineering: 7, G084-Electrical Engineering With M Tech In Any Of The Listed Specializations: 1, G088-Electronics And Electrical Communication Engineering With M Tech In Any Of The Listed Specializations: 5, G093-Industrial Engineering With M Tech In Industrial Engineering And Management: 7,. G094-Manufacturing Science And Engineering With M Tech In Industrial Engineering And Management: 2, G102-Mechanical Engineering With M Tech In Any Of The Listed Specializations: 9, G106-Metallurgical And Materials Engineering With M Tech In Metallurgical And Materials Engineering: 3, G109-Mining Engineering: 3, G111-Mining Engineering With M Tech In Safety Engineering And Disaster Management In Mines: 2, G114-Ocean Engineering And Naval Architecture: 2
Sandesh Rawat, Abhishek Pal:RJ4, Pankaj Verma:G3, Atendra Gautam:RJ1, Rishabh Kumar:RJ1, N. Tejashwi, Rahul Satyakam, Shray Jaiswal, Vipin Kumar:RS5, Anand Abhishek:RJ2, Mayank Sharma, Sudarshan Kumar:RJ1, Hemant Ramawat, Rajan Kumar, Akarshan Singh, Jitendra Kumar Chordia, Gaurav Patel:G Batch, Thadagoppula, Srujan Kumar, Nipun Khemka, Rahul Agrawal:PB1, Ashwin Prashant, Rudresh Chandra Suman:RJ1, Mohit Minhas:PB2, Rohan K Sahni, Saurabh Goel, Himanshu Tiwari, Anuj A Mehta, Sangam Tirtharaj:RJ1, Rajat Mehta:GH1, Harshul Khandelwal:PB1, Harshit Gupta, Adesh Pandey:R1, Naveen Kumar Gupta:RJ2, Dhiraj Swarnkar, Prashant Kumar Rahul:RJ1, Ritu Tak, Sumit Kandge, Sujata Gursaraiya, Tarun Pratap Singh, Aditya Yadav, DevendraSingh Kajla:RJ3, Shubham Khandelwal:PA1, Vivek Anand:RJ1, Manoj Bishnoi:RJ1, Ajeet Kumar Bhagat:GH3, Jagdish Kumar Sewda:GH1, Surbhi A. Lohia, Aishwarya Mohapatra, Amoul Singhi:RJ2, Deepanshu Pattanayak, Ku Aditi Sarkar, Rakshit Agarwal, Janak Raj Meena:FH1, Sumit Karnani:R1, Kothapally Sandeep, Harshvardhan Tiwari, Jitin Singla, Anurag Patel:PB1, Akshat Shrivastava, Tauseef Shahidi, Sarang Karhade, Aparimit Sahu, Aakash Gupta, Neeraj Singh, Abhinaw Kumar:R4, Vishal Kumawat, Abhishek Kumar:RJ1, Rishabh Sinha:PB1, S. Ashwin:R1, Sumit Kumar:RH9, Prateek Ladha:RJ1, Veluri Hasita, Saurav Das:PA1, Avinash Ruchandani, Manvendra Singh, Balram Puniya:GH1, Siddharth V Mantripragada, Niraj Rathod:RH2, Kanjakha Pal, Nilesh Gajanan:PB1, Gaurav Phulwaria:RH8, Bhuvana Bairy K, Sourav Sarkar, Ambuj Tiwari:PB1, Kale Aditya Ashok:PA3, Arun Kumar, Shivanshu Raman, Siddesh Sawant, Salik Saif:G Batch, Arpit Tiwari:R1, Tanmay Patil:RJ4, Abhay Kumar, Kanwar Pal Dhande:RH2, Manish Kumar:PA4, Swati Gupta, RajanBuha:IP, M.Dastagiri Reddy, Devbrat Singh:IP, Anshuman Y Pradhan, Aaditya Agrawal, Siddharth Kumar, Hrishika Chaudhary:PB5, Dijesh Chalil, Shashank Kumar Singh:G3, Jitesh Kumar Meena:RH19, Vidushi Goyal, Abhishek Jarwal:PA3, Subhash Kumar:PB1, Sweenal Lale, Prabhat Kumar Awadhiya, Kaushal Yadav:R1, Anuj Agrawal, Abhishek Gupta, Abhay Kumar, Deo Nath Jha, Gitesh Kumar Gupta:R1, Yashvir Yadav, Pranjal Yadav, Rohan Tiwari:PA1, Brijesh Kumar Yadav:RJ1, Aman Tripathi, Amar Osho:RJ3, Javed Alam, Palash Jyoti Borah, Prabhat Ranjan:PA2, Sanjay Dhakar:GH1, Naval Kishore Peepliwal:RH2, Sumit Kumar, Milind Tahalani, Midhunraj K M, Aman Singh, Kunal Mitra, Ashima Singla, Bharat Rathi, Ashutosh:R1, Ashish Behera:PB2, Rahul Dewangan:RJ1, Rajesh Ranjan, Pankaj Menawat:PB3, Praneel Jain, Ujjwal Raghuvanshi, Amna Nashit:R1, Akshay Temrawal:R5, Rameshwar Prasad Khoker:RS1

Alumnus of IIT-Kharagpur

adds brilliance  to Academic Ambience at Resonance

Mr. Mahesh Kumar Jha (MKJ Sir)
B.Tech., IIT-Kharagpur,
Year of Passing: 2003
IIT-JEE (AIR): 2343
Branch: Mining Engineering
Mr. Mahesh Kumar Jha (MKJ Sir) is a bright academician and a brilliant teacher. With three years teaching at Resonance, currently posted at Nagpur Study Centre, Mr. Jha, a graduate from IIT- Kharagpur, has shown a passion for teaching and is very popular with his students. Having hobbies of reading news papers and fiction books and playing volleyball, he proved his mettle in prestigious BIT-SAT and Roorkee Engineering Entrance Exam too.
Q.1 Your family background?
I was born in a small village-Tumoul in Dharbhanga district of Bihar. My Family comprises of my Father, Mother, two brothers and one sister, all engaged in familial business. Married to Leena Jha in 2004 and have a daughter and a son,  I am the first person to move out of our family business and to have a B.Tech from an IIT.
Q.2 what inspired you for Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)?
I was not aware about IIT and its entrance test IIT-JEE till  my 12th board. It was my father who guided and encouraged me to enter IITs. Ever since my childhood, my father had stressed that I develop my mathematical skills and lateral thinking approach towards a problem, related specially to mathematics. With time, I developed interest in Math and subsequently science subjects.
Q.3 what sort of qualities one must possess to get into IITs?
Ans: One need to be self motivated, comitted to his/her goal with strong desire for achieving it. For me, self motivation came with understanding of the subjects. Any average student can clear IIT-JEE examination if he/she is regular in studies and tries to understand the concept deeply and comprehend the problem quickly. Continuous improvement would come with time. A positive attitude may take one to great heights. For me attitude gauges your altitude in your life.
Q.4 your experience at IIT-Kharagpur and throw some light on your best moments pertaining to studies at IIT-Kharagpur?
Ans: IIT-Kharagpur is known for the best academic and extra curricular activities. I enjoyed and experienced the ambience prevailing at IIT-Kharagpur during my B.Tech degree.  I can proudly say that it was the golden period of my life. It was a period where every moment was filled with new challenges. It was a good exposure to different cultures and is was worth living.
I got the honor of becoming the Hall Secretary of R.P Hall (Rajendra Prasad Hall) and participated in several inter hall IIT activities and contributed in hostel mess management. I was awarded Gold medal in Inter hall Volleyball tournament all through the four years.
Q.5 How has your teaching experience been with the students preparing for IIT-JEE at Resonance Nagpur Centre?
Ans: I would have got better rank in IIT if I was exposed to such systematic teaching and concept clarity at the remarkable ease.
At Resonance, every teaching programme has been designed in such a way that it becomes easy for every student to learn step by step from basic to the required level to crack IIT-JEE. I am sincerely thankful to GAB, LK and SSH sir for flourishing my teaching skills. I extend my heart felt gratitude to the Center Head AB sir for providing me all possible support and excellent opportunities.
Q.6 What made you enter in the field of teaching & what is the responsibility of a teacher according to you?
Ans: I never thought that I would be a teacher one day. I was serving in Hindustan Zinc Limited, Udaipur (A venture of Vedanta Group). It was a managerial job with hardly any freshness . It was there only that helped an IIT aspirant in his studies and he succeeded in cracking IIT-JEE and joined IIT- Guwahati. His success motivated me to take-up teaching and finally I decided to quit the job and joined Resonance for the excitement of teaching.
A teacher has greater responsibility than many other professions. A teacher needs to possess honesty and sincerity in his profession. A teacher is often passionate about transmitting his knowledge to his pupils in an interesting and concise manner. A good teacher is one who never thinks that he is perfect. He is always on the lookout for new ideas of transferring the knowledge and prepares his lessons to meet needs of his students.
Q.7 What suggestions will you like to give to the students preparing for IIT-JEE ?
Ans: There is no substitute to hard work. So work hard and follow your time table. My best wishes to all of you.

A candle seller struggles hard
to find a lighted path

He used to sell decorative candles to the newly-wed couples along the roadside in Chandigarh. “I was never interested in studies, and I always wanted to do something of my own,” says Naresh Gulati, who is now the owner of Rs 440-crore Oceanic Consultants Australia Group (OCA Group).
From selling candles to wholesale cloth trading, to cosmetics wholesale and teaching at Aptech Computers to running a computer centre, the 39-year-old tried his hands at many things before homing in on overseas education consultancy business.
The journey has not been easy for Mr Gulati who flunked in class 10 and performed miserably in college. But he is now a guest lecturer on entrepreneurship in leading Australian universities.
Armed with a diploma in electronic data processing, Mr Gulati went to RMIT, Melbourne, in 1995 for a post-graduate course in information systems. However, destiny had scripted a different chapter for him.
“When I reached there, I realised that I had been duped. I was promised a job in Melbourne by my immigration consultant, and that would have helped me clear the loan that I took for going overseas,” recalls Mr Gulati. For the next six months, Mr Gulati came in touch with several students who had met the same fate. And this made him think about a fantastic business opportunity-immigration consultancy business.
Mr Gulati came back to Chandigarh in 1996 and started Oceanic Consultants. “Chandigarh had over 110 such agencies at that time, and I was discouraged by many not to venture into this business, says Mr Gulati. “There was a time when I had to choose between two options-paying the rent or using that money for advertising. I chose the latter and the risk paid off,”.
In three years, Oceanic Consultants had opened branches in Ludhiana, Patiala, Jallandhar and Amritsar. However, the franchise model was not sustainable as quality was getting affected and people were not interested in investing money. Moreover, established players such as Study Overseas and IBP Education created a dent in whatever little marketing that Oceanic did.
Oceanic Consultants then zeroed in on company-owned office model. And the decision paid off. Oceanic now has 20 offices across India and plans to take the count to 60 by 2013.
“We opened our Australia office a decade back and the UK office last year. By the end of this year, we will be present in US and Canada. Punjab offices have now started to become profitable, while others will soon follow suit,” says Mr Gulati.
He saw another opportunity in printing and distribution segments of universities. “In 2005, we developed a new technology enabling online orders of prospectus printing, postage and tracking from India to anywhere in the world. This outsourcing facility has helped universities save 25-65% of their profits even when our investment in starting BPO Intelligence was A$ 1,000,” adds Mr Gulati. In five years, BPO Intelligence is the leading company in Australia with 29 of the 39 universities using its services. Seven of the eight universities in New Zealand and eight clients in the UK also use these services.
The next year, another idea on software solutions for the education industry lead to formation of Object Next Software with an investment of A$ 5 million. In 2007, after a corporate restructuring, the OCA Group became the parent company of Oceanic Consultants, BPO Intelligence and Object Next, based out of Australia. The companies have been winning accolades from Australian Business Awards every year since 2008.
This year, Oceanic Consultants won the Australian Business Award for best enterprise in personal services industry. While Object Next won the award for best new product, BPO Intelligence won the award in two categories – product value and product excellence.
The Fairfax Media Group’s Business Review Weekly ranked BPO Intelligence as the 12th fastest growing company in Australia this year, up from 93rd in 2008. Today, it contributes to more than 30-40% of the group’s total revenue of $A 20 million. To make the Oceanic Consultants meaner and leaner, Mr Gulati brought in Price Water house Coopers last year to do a performance management of the entire system, and at the same time added a virtual private network connecting all its offices across different countries.
Mr Gulati feels that India will fuel the growth in overseas education even when the Indian government is rooting for foreign universities to come and set up shop.
“The demand for quality education and a global qualification is high in India. We plan to capitalise on this demand and become a global player, enabling admissions from any place to any place in the world. We’re investing heavily into technology, which would allow us to hold global webinars providing virtual access to everyone,” adds Mr Gulati.

Shikhar Parakh

Reso Roll No. & Batch: 651953 (R3) Year:     2006
IIT-JEE Rank: 2012
Category: GEN
Branch: Electronics
Class XII performance: 77%
Occupation: Sr Software Engineer, Onmobile Global Ltd, Bangaluru
Owe success to: Parents, Resonance Teachers and Friends (who rendered support during the course of studies ).

As a young kid, most of us dream of the impossible. When Shikhar saw the computers for the first time, he developed a strong urge within to become a computer professional. He wondered how they worked, how the different processes of programming evolved. It was the deep inquisitiveness that brought Shikhar Parakh to the Indian Institute of Technology for acquiring excellence in the technical and engineering field. Excerpts from his interview follow:
What inspired you for Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)?
My Parents, particularly my father who is an Asst. Engineer in government department believed in my capability of cracking IIT although I was rather unsure about it. My teachers, who ably guided me at Resonance & induced sufficient confidence in me to believe that I could also make it to IIT.
What is required to get into IIT?
There are certainly some pre-requisites to qualify for IIT; these are hard work, dedication and consistency. For me, dedication was the most important contributing factor in my success.
Give some tips to increase efficiency while studying?
Assessment of your performance is highly important. You should know where you stand. How many students are ahead of you? You need to set a target for yourself and bring continual improvement in your performance. Rest of the things will take care of themselves.
During your study at Kota, did the environment of Kota city contributed in your success?
Yes, it did to a great extent. I have been in Kota since forth standard. I have seen the city developing in to an IIT factory. It is fascinating to see students grossly engaged in studies- in their rooms, on terraces of their houses, so much so, that the students on the roads are also involved in discussions related to academics. It is always hovering in your mind that if you don’t study, you will not be in the race. Also it is great fun to study with friends of great competencies.
What changes did you find in you after joining Resonance?
The first change that I noticed was that how a student who used to be in top 10 (in school) legged terribly behind and came down to a rank around 220 amongst 450. It shattered my confidence and I realized how hard I needed to work to get into IIT. Although, I was not getting enough marks, I was still enjoying my lectures. The eagerness to learn more grew intense with time.
I really enjoyed the classes of LK Sir and RKV Sir. I was little weak in Math but gained good competence before the end of the coaching. I became quite confident to make a good score in Math in IIT-JEE. Physics, due to RKV sir had become my best scoring subject. I quite remember those hard working days wrapped with personal care. RKV sir would have lectures till 1 in the night. One night RKV Sir scolded me for some idiotic question. After the class, I went back home and studied till 8 in the morning without getting out of my chair (It was a big thing for me as I still can’t sit for more than 2 hours at stretch). I think that incident was a turning point for me.
Do you believe that in the contemporary technocratic world, IIT as a brand can bring moral and mental support for a student?
IIT, undoubtedly, is a big brand. It adds tremendous value to one’s profile and supports in almost every thing one does. There is a pre-defined credibility attached to you once people come to know that you are from IIT.
Details of your interested fields, accomplishments and achievements?
The fields that I am interested in are Computers, Programming and Games.
I could honestly say that all my accomplishments are primarily due to being an IITian.
Please tell us about your current Job?
I am presently working with OnMobile Global Ltd (It has been 4 and half years) as a Senior Software Engineer on Java. My company is engaged in Mobile Value Added Services such as Caller Tunes.
Any message that you will like to give to your successors at Resonance?
Give your best shot at IIT. If you get selected, it’s a dream come true. Even if you don’t, it’s not the end of the world. Prepare afresh for future.
People like Shikhar Parakh, with firm determination and with in-built conviction can only achieve the desired output so let the subtleties of mind go unbridled to let the talent follow the dreams.


Finding solution for female hygiene for all sections of society

Perseverance leading to innovation 

A. Muruganantham (47) hails from Pudur in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. When he was young, he lost his father, Mr. S. Arunachalam, in a road accident. His mother, Mrs. A. Vanitha, who was a housewife, had to work as a farm worker to support the family. Around this time, he discontinued his studies after SSLC to earn a living and help his family financially. For over three decades, he faced economic hardships while trying his hand at various trades to support his family. He worked in various capacities; as a part time technician at Lakshmi Machine Works, Coimbatore, machine operator, insurance agent, farm laborer and yarn selling agent. Currently, he runs his firm, Jayashree industries, which he has built from scratch centered around commercializing his innovation- the mini sanitary napkin machine and the accessible, hygienic sanitary pads.
Sanitary napkin, a universally needed product, has a very low penetration in India due to the high price and the traditional habits. This machine produces sanitary pads @ Rs.1/- to Rs. 1.50/- per pad approximately. He has also improvised a vending machine that can dispense single pads with the insertion of a coin.
“It is an innovative way of addressing the issue of female hygiene and is accessing a market that the Kotex product made by Kimberly-Clark currently does not access,” said a spokesman for Kimberly-Clark.
But even as Muruganantham has intrigued multinationals, earned accolades from the prestigious Indian Institute of Technology (Madras) and the National Innovation Foundation and inked a deal with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to supply his machines to women’s self-help groups in Africa.

A Slum boy from Ghatkopar (W) dares to become an IAS Officer

Nitin Jawale grew up in a one-room shanty in a Ghatkopar slum, weaving dreams of making it big one day and doing his family proud. He thought he would become an astronaut, maybe a cricketerhe liked the game and played it well.
But on a May morning many years later, the 26-year-old realized his dream in a field that he had chosen just two years earlier. In the Union Public Service Commission exams held, Mr Jawale, who is a Scheduled Caste candidate, scored the fourth rank in the state, the 56th in the country, and earned a place in the elite Indian Administrative Service.
Except for his brother who is 17 years senior none of his siblings had studied beyond the tenth standard. His brother had dropped out of college due to the family’s financial troubles and joined the state police force. His six sister she is the youngest in the family did odd jobs, sometimes washing clothes in other people’s houses to make some money. They sent him to an English school in the neighborhood and then to Ruparel College in Mahim.
Mr Jawale was well aware of what his family was giving up for him. At one point of time, even a good night’s sleep had been hard to come by for them. “We lived in a 10 X 10 tin shed and there was no place for all of us to sleep, he said.
Mr Jawale didn’t succeed in his first attempt in the civil service exams. But his family
convinced him to appear for it again. His brother took one month’s leave to give him moral support. And it worked.
Ultimately realized his dream

SAT: Acronym for Scholastic Assessment Test, SAT is a mandatory exam to get undergraduate admission into any college of USA. The SAT is developed and administered by the USA-based ‘College Entrance Examination Board’. High school juniors and seniors take the SAT exam. The test is a measure of the critical thinking skills of each student for the academic success in their under graduation program. SAT exam is conducted seven times a year.
•     There are two SAT exams namely SAT I and SAT II. SAT I is structured as a reasoning test that basically tests candidate’s verbal, mathematical and reasoning abilities. SAT II is a subject test; to test the candidate’s knowledge of specific subject opted by the candidate. SAT exam is more of multiple choice questions based.
•     Candidates may either take the SAT reasoning test or up to three SAT subject tests on the given test date. Candidates wishing to take the test may register online, by mail, or by telephone, at least three weeks before the test date. Many U.S. universities use SAT as a way of assessing students coming from schools using different grade, class and division system. Nearly every college in USA accept SAT score to admit students. More than two million students across the world take SAT exam every year.
MCAT: MCAT is a mandatory exam to get admissions in undergraduate courses in the U.S medical schools. Along with the other additional admission factors, Medical school admission team considers MCAT score as a primary factor in admitting the aspirants. Abbreviated for Medical College Admission Test, MCAT is based on MCQs (Multiple choice Questions) to test the problem solving, critical thinking, writing and science knowledge skills of the medical aspirants.
•     MCAT is conducted twice a year by the AAMC (Association of American Medical Council) in April and August. The test is conducted in 40 different versions on the test date for exam safety purposes.
•     MCAT consists of four parts: Verbal Reasoning, Problems from Physical Sciences, Writing Samples and Biological Problems including Organic Chemistry.
•     Except the Writing sample section, each section of MCAT is given a score in the scale of 1 to 15. Retaking MCAT is offered to candidates.
•     Although MCAT is conducted twice a year, better give the test when you feel well prepared.
TOEFL: TOEFL or “Test Of English as a Foreign Language” is a mandatory entrance exam to get admission in various university and colleges, particularly in USA. In addition to college admissions, many of the government bodies, licensing and certification agencies also use TOEFL scores to evaluate command over English language of people whose native language is not English.
TOEFL Exam can be given in three different formats
•    CBT (Computer Based Testing)
•    iBT (Internet Based Testing)
•    PBT (Paper Based Testing)
The Internet Based TOEFL Testing will be delivered through Internet. The Paper Based TOEFL Exam is a conventional paper based type, which measures, Listening Comprehension, Structure, Written Expression and Reading Comprehension of the candidate.

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