Not too many Indians are aware that at the heart of the global debate on climate change is an Indian, Dr Rajendra Kumar Pachauri. He is the chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Program, to investigate global warming and its consequences for Earth.
He has been elected as chairman (IPCC) in 2002.Under Pachauri’s watch,the IPCC shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with Al Gore for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about
man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change. “This recognition, thrusts a new responsibility on our shoulders. We have to do more work, many more miles to go,” said Pachauri.
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Pachauri was born in Nainital, India, on 20 August 1940. He did his schooling at La Martiniere College in Lucknow. Commencing his career with the Diesel Locomotive Works, Varanasi, where he held several managerial positions.
Dr. Pachauri joined the North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA, where he obtained an MS in Industrial Engineering in 1972, a PhD in Industrial Engineering and a PhD in Economics,
He worked as the head of TERI (Tata Energy Research Institute) in 1981, first as Director and, since April 2001, as Director-General. TERI does original work and provides professional support in the areas of energy, environment, forestry, biotechnology, and the conservation of natural resources to government departments, institutions, and corporate organizations worldwide.
Dr. Pachauri has been associated with various other academic and research institutes.
He was on the Board of Directors of the Indian Oil Corporation (January 1999 to September 2003); Board of Directors of GAIL (India) Ltd. (April 2003 to October 2004); National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd (August 2002 to August 2005)
To acknowledge Pachauri’s immense contribution to the field of environment, he has been awarded the Padma Bhushan – one of India’s highest civilian awards that recognize distinguished service of a high order to the nation in any field in January 2001, and the “Officier De La Legion D’Honneur” by France in 2006.
He has been active in several international forums dealing with the subject of climate change and its policy dimensions. He has also authored 21 books and several papers & articles.
The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh has also congratulated the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and its Chairman Dr. R.K.Pachauri on winning the Nobel Prize for Peace.
As chairman Pachauri said, that all the scientists who have contributed to the work of the IPCC are the Nobel laureates who have been recognized and applauded by the Nobel Prize committee.
He was “overwhelmed” by the award. He hoped the award would bring a “greater awareness and a sense of urgency” to the fight against global warming.
Now a days, climate change and the threat it poses to the future of humanity will be one of the main subjects of discussion world wide, it is treated almost at par with that other horrific challenge, terrorism to the way we live.
Pachauri’s report made people sit up and ask, what can we do about this climate change? It stirred the middle class people of India,
It’s tough to pin down Pachauri’s affiliations and participation in different forums. From the board of the Indian Navratna, ONGC, to the Climate Change Council of the Indian PM, to a member of one of the world’s most renowned NGOs, World Resources Institute Council, he is truly well spread.
This year’s IPCC reports have startled world leaders out of denial mode. Global warming anywhere is a threat to the world everywhere.
Pachauri Said, “I’m not saying that global peace and stability will be threatened by the impact of climate change, but it could be threatened.
We are living in a very unequal world. There are parts of the world that are poor, and have no infrastructure to tackle even changes in the weather that take place on a normal basis. If we are going to have serious and intense impacts of climate change on top of that, then obviously that’s going to affect them,” “Therefore, climate change could very well become a threat to global peace,” the IPCC chairman warned.
Global warming is a
phenomenon of an increase
in the average temperature of
the earth’s atmosphere, It is
also known as climate change
or the greenhouse effect.
The solar radiation that has reflected back off the surface of the earth remains trapped at atmospheric levels, due to the build-up of CO2 and other greenhouse gases, rather than being emitted back into space. Global warming is caused by human action and occurring at an unprecedented rate. The consequences of global warming remain uncertain, but climate change models predict deforestation, decertification, and rising sea levels.
On 13 December in Bali summit, Al Gore former US vice-president and co-winner of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize, clearly pointed out that climate change was already here, and it was no longer a matter that would affect future generations but was affecting the present one. Gore wanted the new treaty on it to come into force from 2010, not 2012 as the delegates have been planning. “We can’t afford to talk for the next five years,” he said.
Measures to prevent global warming:
We should establish mechanisms that contribute to the balance between the environment and the economy by fostering technological innovation and creative initiatives in business circles, in order to link the efforts to prevent global warming to economic revitalization and employment creation.
Nobel Peace Prize
The Nobel Prize (Swedish) is designated in Alfred Nobel’s will in 1895. It is awarded in five streams, Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. The five Nobel Prizes were first awarded in 1901 A memorial Prize in Economics (“The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel”) was instituted by Sweden’s central bank in 1968. Alfred Bernhard Nobel (October 21, 1833, Stockholm, Sweden December 10, 1896, Sanremo, Italy) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, armaments manufacturer and the inventor of dynamite. He owned Bofors, a major armaments manufacturer, which he had redirected from its previous role as an iron and steel mill. In his last will, he used his enormous fortune to institute the Nobel Prizes. The synthetic element Nobelium was named after him. People used to say that Nobel Prize was Alfred Nobel’s way to compensate for developing destructive forces and to leave a better legacy after his death.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian) is the name of one of five Nobel Prize. According to Nobel’s will, the Peace Prize should be awarded “to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between the nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.”
The Peace Prize is awarded annually in Oslo, the capital of Norway. The actual prize always is presented on the 10th of December, the anniversary of the death of Nobel. Under the eyes of a watching world, the Nobel Laureate receives three things: a diploma, a medal and a document confirming the prize amount. Nobel Peace Prize Concert, is broadcast to over 150 countries and more than 450 million households around the world.
In the Year 2007, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. shared the Nobel Peace Prize “for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change. and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such changes.